Latest findings about cystic fibrosis survival rate show that patients in Canada outlive those who are in the United States. The difference is around 10 years and researchers from both nations are finding ways to figure out this huge gap.
Patients in Canada, who have this progressive genetic disease, have the median survival age of 51 years old while their counterparts in the US are at 40 years old. After considering the factors that included the patients’ age and the severity of disease, researchers have found that there is a lower risk of death among patients with cystic fibrosis in Canada than those in the United States.
Cystic Fibrosis is one of the most common genetic diseases that typically affects the lungs, which in turn causes a long-term difficulty in breathing for the patient. This sickness also affects the kidneys, liver, pancreas, and the intestines. Usually, mucus found in the lungs traps germs and are cleared out of it. With people who have cystic fibrosis, this mucus, together with the germs it has caught, remains to be trapped inside the lungs and are in turn become infected. At the present, no cure for this disease has been found yet.
The said study was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine on Monday. The funding source of this research was the U.S. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. Data used for the research was based on the registered 45,456 CF patients and 5,941 CF patients in the year 1990 to 2013. Both Canada and the US have been maintaining a data registry of CF patients beginning in the 1970’s.
In America, the US Cystic Fibrosis Foundation would help fund the studies done annually to find a cure and publish reports.
The risk-adjusted mortality rate or the RAMR in Canada is 34% lower than in the United States. Around 10.3% of CF patients living in Canada have had transplants while there were only 6.5% patients in the US who did. It showed that the survival rate between the two countries varied due to the status of insurance among the patients.
Cystic Fibrosis have been affecting roughly 45,000 adults and children in the United States while there are only about 6,000 in Canada. The totality accounts for about 70,000 patients in the world.
The high-fat diet of the Canadians has also been associated with the higher survival rate for the CF patients, which showed an improved survival rate in the year 1995. This said diet was not put into implementation in the United States until the early 1980’s. Consumption of more calories in the body is believed to improve nutrition and this has been a factor why more patients in Canada outlive those in the US. The pancreas is one of the important organs in the body that is responsible for the nutrition absorption and needs a proper diet for the patient.
A progressive lung disease is usually the main cause of death in cystic fibrosis patients. More patients in Canada would survive because they are more likely to have lung transplants.